The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations. The primary purpose of this organ is the maintenance of international peace and security and to accept or to reject the admission of new member states to the United Nations. In addition to that, UNSC is also responsible for amending and approving any changes to the United Nations Charter.Its primary powers include, but are not limited to, the drafting and establishment of international sanctions, peacekeeping operations and the authorization of military actions through the Security Council resolutions, which are binding for the contending nation states.
The Security Council comprises of fifteen members states; primarily, the victors of World War 1. In addition to this, the permanent five consist of the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom, France, People’s Republic of China, and the United States. These permanent members have the power to veto any substantive Security Council resolution, mainly pertaining to the admission of new member states or candidates for Secretary-General. In addition to the P5, the Security Council also has 10 non-permanent members, elected on a regional basis to serve for two-year terms. The presidency of United Nations Security Council rotates monthly among its members.